Nepal: Up in the Mountains
By Shanuka Kadupitiyage
Ceylon Today Features
Right next to the country of Bhutan is another small nation that has made a major impact in the world. Located up in the mountains is the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.
You might already have heard about this small country, which has a very unique national flag design and is the home of eight of the world’s 10 tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. It is also said that Lumbini, located in Southern Nepal is the modern day name for the country where the Buddha was born.
Of course, that’s not all that we have to discover in Nepal, so why wait. Let’s start exploring.
Mainly situated in the Himalayan mountain range, Nepal is surrounded by other lands such as Bhutan, India, and Tibet of China. But don’t jump into conclusions thinking that all there is to see here are mountains and snow. The country has a diverse geography, with a lot of fertile plains, forests and more.
A few rivers flow downhill from Nepal, which feed valuable silt and sediment eroded from the mountains downhill to nourish farmland. But that blessing can change during monsoon season when the rivers flood and cause a lot of destruction.
It’s interesting to know that Nepal, although in South Asia experiences five seasons; spring, summer, monsoon, autumn, and winter.
It also has five different climatic zones depending on how high the land is compared to sea level, with plenty of lush wildlife and a lot of biodiversity in the small mountain nation.
Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal and its largest city.
In more ancient times, Nepal was an economic hub where plenty of trade happened. But in the modern day, agriculture plays a big part in the economy of Nepal, as does the tourism industry.
The economy of Nepal is growing fast, but is dependent a lot on India, which trades with the country the most.
While the economy is growing in Nepal, being a country with insufficient infrastructure, rugged geography, and few national resources means Nepal is still a developing country in its economy.
People and culture
Religion and tradition play a big part in the lives of Nepali people, who have a culture that has been protected thanks to not being colonised by another country.
Most of this culture can be experienced in their music, craft, folklore and language as well as their literature.
Religion plays a big part for the Nepali people who have been heavily influenced by Hinduism and Buddhism. This can easily be seen in their art and especially their architecture.
There’s a lot more to talk about Nepal, but you’ll sadly have to do that on your own. Or even better, why not one day go and see this beautiful country for yourself.