The preliminary agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), under which Sri Lanka stands to receive $2.9 billion to tackle the ongoing economic crisis, is a ‘first step’ in the long haul of economic recovery but will provide the country and investors ‘confidence’ to attract increased investments and remittances, Sri Lankan High Commissioner to India Milinda Moragoda said Thursday.
Speaking at The Indian Express Idea Exchange, Moragoda said with the IMF agreement taking shape, Sri Lanka now expects more countries to offer assistance while underlining that India was the ‘only partner’ to have stepped up even without a framework in place.
“The key fact here is that having the staff-level agreement gives us confidence. The money is not huge but it gives us confidence — one for investors to come in, maybe for our remittances which have dropped by half to increase and also for other bilaterals like Japan to come. We are grateful to India, which encouraged us to go to the IMF. Finance Minister (Nirmala) Sitharaman and External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar played a role in that. India was the only country, the only partner, which stepped up without us having any kind of programme,” Moragoda said.
Earlier this year, Sri Lanka, battling the worst economic crisis in its history, had plunged into unprecedented turmoil, with an acute shortage of essentials such as fuel and medicine triggering massive protests, which forced Gotabaya Rajapaksa to flee the country and resign as President, a post taken over by Ranil Wickremesinghe.
Following the IMF package, Moragada identified power, oil and tourism as some of the areas where structural reforms, through cooperation with India, can help restore macroeconomic stability. India, he said, can explore developing the port city of Trincomalee as an energy hub.
Asked what the low-hanging fruit was when it came to vital structural reforms, Moragada said: “I would take the electricity sector. I would use the relationship with India, the connectivity grid with India, and bring in private investment in electricity generation. That could mean new power plants in renewable energy, or it could mean buying existing plants through a privatisation process. I would go as far as to liberalise the last mile distribution like you have done where and use the grid to India to create capacity and export and also import if we need it. But I think India can be the catalyst for that, but we need to move quickly.”
“He has to find his place. I don’t think in politics, he should maybe look more at the social side…Former Presidents can be icons. For instance, (US President) Jimmy Carter is known more for what he did after leaving office than what he did while in office,” Moragoda said.
The crisis, however, was long in the making, the politician-turned-diplomat said. He suggesting that the elder Rajapaksa’s technocratic approach could have been a factor behind the crisis, which, he suggested, needed a stronger, more direct political outreach. “To some extent, the vacuum in this was that the main political parties were not in a position to engage because our President himself is not a politician. Once he was elected, he did not really get involved in politics at all. Politicians felt disengaged from the system altogether. And the economy was crumbling. There was no political way of filling this vacuum. So this whole movement came up,” he said
– Indian Express